Leather is from the skin of animals this being cattle, pigs, sheep and goats. There are different types of leather these are:-
- Pigmented (protected)
Aniline leather is the most natural looking, with natural surface visible, but is less resistant to soiling
Semi-aniline leather is
somewhere in-between on both counts, having a light surface coating
Pigmented (protected) leather is the most durable but is less natural in appearance, having a polymer
Aniline leather is the most natural looking leather with the unique surface characteristics of the hide remaining visible. Aniline leather is
coloured only with dye and not with a surface coating of polymer and pigment . A light surface coating may be applied to enhance its appearance and offer slight protection against spillages and soiling.
Semi-aniline leather is more durable than aniline whilst still retaining a natural appearance. The increased durability is provided by the application of a light surface coating which contains a small amount of
pigment. This ensures consistent colour and imparts some stain resistance.
Pigmented Leather is the most durable and is used in the majority of furniture upholstery
and almost all car upholstery. The durability is provided by a polymer surface coating which contains pigments.
Full grain pigmented leather The grain surface
is left intact before applying the surface coating.
Corrected grain pigmented leather The grain surface is abraded to remove imperfections before the surface
coating is applied. A decorative grain pattern is then embossed into the surface.
Finished split leather The middle or lower section of a hide with a polymer
coating applied and embossed to mimic a grain leather. Finished splits should only be used in low stress applications because they are weaker than grain leather.
Antique grain (two-tone
or rub-off) A special surface effect has been created to mimic the unique 'worn' appearance of traditional leathers. This is achieved by applying a contrasting top-coat which is applied unevenly or partially rubbed off to reveal a paler underlying colour.
(also known as waxy or oily pull-up) A leather with a natural appearance which lightens in colour
when stretched during wear to produce a unique worn-in effect with time.
Aniline dyed leather
which has been lightly abraded on the grain surface to create a velvety finish or nap. In some cases the grain pattern is still visible. The nap is very fine because of the tight fibre structure in the grain layer.
A split which has been abraded to create a distinctive nap. The nap can vary in appearance but is not as fine as the nap on nubuck because
of the looser fibre structure.